BOX 5.4: Guidelines for Critiquing Literature Reviews • 1. Is the review thorough—does it include all major studies on the topic? Does it include recent research (studies published within previous 2–3 years)? Are studies from other related disciplines included, if appropriate? • 2. Does the review rely mainly on primary source research articles? Are the articles from peer-reviewed journals? • 3. Is the review merely a summary of existing work, or does it critically appraise and compare key studies? Does the review identify important gaps in the literature? • 4. Is the review well organized? Is the development of ideas clear? • 5. Does the review use appropriate language, suggesting the tentativeness of prior findings? Is the review objective? Does the author paraphrase, or is there an overreliance on quotes from original sources? • 6. If the review is part of a research report for a new study, does the review support the need for the study? • 7. If it is a review designed to summarize evidence for clinical practice, does the review draw reasonable conclusions about practice implications?