What is esophageal cancer?
Esophageal cancer is a cancer that occurs when cancer cells form in the esophagus or gullet

Etiology
History and background of Esophageal cancer
Causes.
specific causes of esophageal cancer are unknown
research depicts that factors such as age, gender, diet, smoking, obesity, long-term acid reflux and medical conditions
iii. previous cancer treatment, tobacco or alcohol abuse or other rare medical conditions

Symptoms of Esophageal Cancer
Weight loss.
Indigestion and heartburns
iii. Difficulties while swallowing.

Hoarseness and coughing
III. Prevention Of the Disease

Observing nutritional discipline.
Lifestyle changes
Treatment
Initial treatment of esophageal cancer depends on how far it has spread.

Conventional treatment methods.
Radiofrequency ablation.
Photodynamic therapy or endoscopic mucosal resection
iii. Esophagectomy

Chemotherapy.
Complementary and Alternative Health (CAH) methods.
Palliative therapy.
Acupuncture
iii. Chinese Traditional medicine

Hypnosis
Integrative treatment practices
Combining both the complementary and CAH treatment practices

Recommended diets and health practices
Nursing assessment and Interventions
Nursing care is advanced and requires patient and family education, clinical assessment, palliative care, management of side effects and nutritional management.
Nurses need to coordinate all the support services to ensure they meet the needs of the patient.
VII. Client Education

Patients should receive adequate information about the disease.
This information should be conveyed from the time of diagnosis through the period of procedures and treatments.
VIII. Adherence

After the treatment, it is important for the medical team to keep in touch with the patient to monitor progress.