How might information and data be used to define the problem and find possible resolutions?

What are the factors that influence which problems get addressed by our state and federal legislatures?

Do the political ideologies of the elected official, the media, public opinion, or the stance of business or other interest groups influence how a policy topic is approached and acted upon?

How might government use various available policy tools? Consider authority tools, inducements or sanctions, capacity building, hortatory, and learning tools. Consider a specific problem relating to one of these policy areas: 1) immigration policy; 2) environmental policy; or 3) health care policy. Which of these tools might be the most effective when addressing this problem? Why do you think so? How might information and data be used to define the problem and find possible resolutions? Support your insights with literature.